150 Years of The Tube – The History of The London Underground

Joined by the peeress of Cambridge and therefore the Duke of capital, yesterday the Queen visited Baker Street Tube Station in Marylebone. This was to celebrate the one hundred and fiftieth day of remembrance of the London Underground.
this text can in brief look over the London Undergrounds grand history. gazing however it remodeled from its gap in one863 to carrying 1.171bn passengers in 2012.
The London Underground was commissioned by the Metropolitan Railway in 1854, once at the start being projected within the decennium. the primary line opened in 1863 between Paddington and Farringdon; it created use of powered trains and gas lit carriages made from wood. it had been hailed as successful because it carried thirty eight,000 passengers on its gap day of operation. In 1968, the metropolitan boundary was opened. The railroad and district lines were coupled to finish the (inner) circle line in 1884, twenty one years once the initial gap.


In 1890, the world’s initial deep level electrical tube line opened, running between Stockwell and King William Street. The station platform was solely accessible by hydraulic raise. For the foremost half, this line is currently an element of the Northern Line. It wasn’t till 1905 that the district and circle lines began to become electrified.
In 1906, the Baker and Waterloo line opened between Elephant & Castle and Baker Street. this is often currently a part of the fashionable day Bakerloo Line.
1908 saw the start of Co-ordinated promoting efforts from the separate railway corporations. Distinct ‘underground’ inscription came into use together with, pocket maps, posters and aggregation. the primary incarnation of the currently world famed underground roundel emblem was additionally introduced. The currently famed underground diagram by Harry gesture wasn’t written till 1933.

In 1935 and therefore the later years, the London Underground took somewhat of a metamorphosis with major extensions and most lines turning into electrified.
The Underground even had a very important half to throughout warfare a pair of. Underground tube stations were employed by thousands of Londoners to shelter from bombings. Underground stations and workshops were additionally seen somewhat as safe havens, with design and occupation centres being settled there. what is all the additional spectacular is that daytime service continuing as traditional on all underground lines.
In 1968, the world’s initial laptop controlled escape was opened. the road ran between London Victoria and Walthamstow Central. This line is currently a part of the fashionable day Victoria Line.

In 1978, the primary feminine underground driver began work; her name was Hannah Dadds. This moment diagrammatic a very important milestone within the battle for equality for ladies within the geographical point.
In 1980, part to celebrate the history and success of the underground, the London Transport repository was opened.
In 1987, there was a serious hearth at King’s Cross Station that tragically killed thirty one folks. As a results of this, there was a shift in safety laws and a spread of major safety enhancements.
2002 saw the introduction of the Oyster ticketing system.
In 2005, there was a terror attack on three London Underground trains and a bus. fifty two folks were killed and to the current day, it remains London’s worst terror incident.
In 2011, construction began on the Crossrail. this is often scheduled to open in 2018.
2013 marks the one hundred and fiftieth day of remembrance of the London Underground
The second a part of the article can state some fun facts regarding the London Underground
Property
the biggest flat block in London – Chiltern Court – Was opened over Baker Street in 1929. Nowadays, a three chamber flat would set you back around one.1m.
London Transport is answerable for a 2000 area unit space among a thirty mile radius of Charing Cross.
additional info on London Property is found within the Author Resource section.
Price
the value} per mile for one full price money single between Lester sq. and Covent Garden works out at twenty eight per mile.
Originally tickets would price either four, five or half dozen pence for one journey. one journey in zone one currently prices four.50.
Miscellaneous
There are 426 escalators across the Underground Network. Waterloo has the foremost – twenty three. Angel has the longest – 60m. Stratford the shortest vertical incline at simply four.6 meters.
Baker Street has the foremost platforms – ten
Underground trains travel at anyplace from 30-60mph. this is often addicted to the space between stations.
Arguably, the foremost megastar to possess been born within the tube network is North American nation chat show host German Springer.
There are 2 reportedly haunted tube stations – Farringdon and Covent Garden.
Around 500,000 mice live among the underground network
a novel species of dipterous insect – mosquito molestus – sleep in the underground.
The ‘Mind The Gap’ recording was created in 1968, it’s still in use at the most of the underground stations.
Thanks for reading